Research Publications

Qiu, Y., C.D. Hirsch, Y. Yang and E. Watkins. 2019. Towards Improved Molecular Identification Tools in Fine Fescue (Festuca L., Poaceae) Turfgrasses: Nuclear Genome Size, Ploidy, and Chloroplast Genome Sequencing. Frontiers in Genetics 10:1223.

Lane, I.G., J. Wolfin, E. Watkins and M. Spivak. 2019. Testing the establishment of eight forbs in mowed lawns of hard fescue (Festuca brevipila) for use in pollinator conservation. HortScience 54(12):2150–2155.

Straw, C.M., Wardrop, W.S. and Horgan, B.P. 2019. Golf course superintendents’ knowledge of variability within fairways: a tool for precision turfgrass management. Precision Agric:1-19.

Heineck, G.C., I.C. McNish, J.M. Jungers, E. Gilbert, and E. Watkins. 2019. Using R-based image analysis to quantify rusts on perennial ryegrass. The Plant Phenome Journal 2: doi:10.2135/tppj2018.12.0010.

Yue, C., J. Wang, E. Watkins, Y. Xie, S. Shekhar, S.A. Bonos, A. Patton, K. Morris, and K. Moncada. 2019. User preferences for accessing publically available turfgrass cultivar performance data. HortTechnology 1:1-12.

Lane, I., E. Watkins, and M. Spivak. 2019. Turfgrass species affect the establishment and bloom of kura clover (Trifolium ambiguum) in lawns. HortScience 54:824.

Ramer, H., K.C. Nelson, M. Spivak, E. Watkins, J. Wolfin and M. Pulscher. 2019. Exploring park visitor perceptions of ‘flowering bee lawns’ in neighborhood parks in Minneapolis, MN, US. Landscape and Urban Planning 189:117-128.

Yue, C., J. Wang, E. Watkins, S.A. Bonos, K.C. Nelson, J.A. Murphy, W.A. Meyer, and B.P. Horgan. 2019. Investigating the practices and challenges for turfgrass breeders and distributors. HortScience 54: 129. doi:10.21273/hortsci13343-18.

Heineck, G.C., Bauer, S.J., Cavanaugh, M., Hollman, A., Watkins, E., and B.P. Horgan. 2019. Variability in creeping bentgrass cultivar germinability as influenced by cold temperatures. Crop, Forage and Turfgrass Management. doi:10.2134/cftm2018.07.0054.

Grimshaw, A., S. Bonos, W. Meyer, E. Watkins, and Y. Qu. 2018. Heritability of simulated wear and traffic tolerance in three fine fescue species. HortScience 53: 416-420.

Heineck, G.C., E. Watkins, and N.J. Ehlke. 2018. The Fungal Endophyte Epichloë festucae var. lolii Does Not Improve the Freezing Tolerance of Perennial Ryegrass. Crop Sci. 58:1788-1800. doi:10.2135/cropsci2017.12.0731

Grimshaw, A.L., Y. Qu, W.A. Meyer, E. Watkins, and S.A. Bonos.  2018.  Heritability of Simulated Wearand Traffic Tolerance in Three Fine Fescue Species. HortScience. 53(4):416–420. 2018.

Heineck, G., E. Watkins and N.J. Ehlke.  2018.  Exploring alternative management options for multiyear perennial ryegrass seed production in northern Minnesota.  Crop Science.  58(1):426-434. doi:10.2135/cropsci2017.03.0136.

Yue, C., J. Wang, E. Watkins, S.A. Bonos, K.C. Nelson, J.A. Murphy, W.A. Meyer, and B.P. Horgan.  2017.  An investigation of trait prioritization in turfgrass breeding programs. HortScience.  52(11):1544-1549.

Barnes, M.R., K.C. Nelson, A.J. Meyer, E. Watkins, S.A. Bonos, B.P. Horgan, W.A. Meyer, J. Murphy, and C. Yue.  2017.  Public land managers and sustainable urban vegetation: the case of low-input turfgrasses. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening.

Bauer, S., M. Cavanaugh and B.P. Horgan.  2017.  Wetting agent influence on putting green surface firmness.  Int. Turf Res. Journal.  13:1-15.

Rice, P.J., B.P. Horgan and J. Hamlin.  2017.  Evaluation of individual and combined management practices to reduce the off-site transport of pesticides from golf course turf.  Science of the Total Environment.  583:72-80.

Rice, P.J. and B.P. Horgan.  2017.  Off-site transport of nitrogen fertilizer with runoff from golf course fairway turf: A comparison of creeping bentgrass with a fine fescue mixture.  Science of the Total Environment.  580:533-539.

Koch, P.L., D.J. Soldat, S.J. Bauer, A.J. Patton and B.P. Horgan.  2017.  The great lakes school of turfgrass science: A nine-state online collaboration to improve the turfgrass short course.  Journal of Extension. 55(3):1-6.

Reiter, M., J. Friell, B. Horgan, D. Soldat, and E. Watkins.  2017.  Drought response of fine fescue mixtures maintained as a golf course fairway.  International Turfgrass Society Research Journal 13:65-74.  doi:10.2134/itsrj2016.06.0460.

Hollman, A.B., G.C. Heineck, F.W. Frank, S.J. Bauer, J. Bryan, and B.P. Horgan.  2017.  Effects of de-icing products on putting green turf.  International Turfgrass Society Research Journal 13:1-8.  doi:10.2134/itsrj2016.06.0488.

Yue, C., J. Wang, E. Watkins, S. Bonos, K. Nelson, J.A. Murphy, W. Meyer and B. Horgan.  2017.  Consumer preferences for information sources of turfgrass products and lawn care.  Agronomy Journal 109:1726-1733.  doi:10.2134/agronj2016.05.0310.

Bauer, S., B.P. Horgan, D. Soldat and D. Gardner.  2017.  Effects of low temperatures on nitrogen uptake, partitioning and utilization in creeping bentgrass putting greens. Crop Sci. 57:1001-1009.

Friell, J., E. Watkins, B.P. Horgan, M. Cavanaugh. 2016. Sod strength characteristics of 51 cool-season turfgrass mixtures. Agronomy Journal 109:1749-1757.  doi:10.2134/agronj2016.05.0295.

Hugie, K.L. and E. Watkins. 2016. Performance of low-input turfgrass species as affected by mowing and nitrogen fertilization in Minnesota. HortScience 51:1278-1286.

Yue, C., J. Wang, E. Watkins, S. Bonos, K. Nelson, J. Murphy, W. Meyer, and B. Horgan. 2017. Heterogeneous consumer preferences for turfgrass attributes in the United States and Canada. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. doi:10.1111/cjag.12128

Dabney III, C., J. Ostergaard, E. Watkins, and C. Chen. 2016. A novel method to characterize silica bodies in grasses. Plant Methods 12: doi 10.1186/s13007-016-0108-8.

Friell, J., E. Watkins, and B.P. Horgan. 2015. Cool-season turfgrass species mixtures for roadsides in Minnesota. Ecological Engineering 84:579-587.

Koeritz, E.J., E. Watkins, and N.J. Ehlke. 2015. Seeding rate, row spacing, and nitrogen rate effects on perennial ryegrass seed production.  Crop Science: 55:2319-2333.

Watkins, E., D.S. Gardner, J.C. Stier, D.J. Soldat, R.A. St. John, N.E. Christians, A.D. Hathaway, K.L. Diesburg, S.R. Poppe, R.E. Gaussoin. 2014. Cultivar performance of low-input turfgrass species for the North Central United States. Applied Turfgrass Science: doi:10.2134/ATS-2013-0101-RS.

Miller, D., R. Mugaas, M. Meyer, and E. Watkins. 2013.  Performance of low-maintenance turfgrass mixtures and blends. HortTechnology 23:610-612.

Friell, J., E. Watkins, and B. Horgan. 2013. Salt-tolerance of 74 turfgrass cultivars in nutrient solution culture. Crop Science 2013 53:1743-1749.

Koeritz, E., E. Watkins, and N.J. Ehlke. 2013. A split application approach to nitrogen and growth regulator management for perennial ryegrass seed production.  Crop Science 53:1762-1777.

Yue, C., K. Hugie and E. Watkins.  2012. Are consumers willing to pay more for low-input turfgrasses on residential lawns? Evidence from choice experiments.  Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 44:549-560.

Clark, M.D, and E. Watkins.  2012. Broad-sense heritability estimates of turfgrass performance characteristics in native prairie junegrass germplasm. HortScience 47:1228-1233.

Hugie, K., C. Yue, and E. Watkins. 2012. Consumer preferences for low-input turfgrasses: A conjoint analysis. HortScience 47:1096-1101.

Hulke, B.S., B.S. Bushman, E. Watkins, and N.J. Ehlke. 2012. Association of freezing tolerance to LpCBFIIIb and LpCBFIIIc gene polymorphism in perennial ryegrass accessions. Crop Science 52:2023-2029.

Friell, J., E. Watkins, and B. Horgan. 2012. Salt tolerance of 75 cool-season turfgrasses for roadsides. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B – Soil & Plant Science 62:44-52.

Bauer, S., B.P. Horgan, E. Watkins, A. Hathaway, R. Calhoun, and K. Frank. 2012. Establishment of creeping bentgrass in annual bluegrass fairways using glyphosate and interseedingOnline. Applied Turfgrass Science doi:10.1094/ATS-2012-0127-01-RS.

Bauer, S., D. Lloyd, B.P. Horgan, and D.J. Soldat. 2012. Agronomic and physiological responses of cool-season turfgrass to fall-applied nitrogen. Crop Science 52:1-10.

Cavanaugh, M., E. Watkins, B. Horgan, and M. Meyer. 2011. Conversion of Kentucky bluegrass rough to no-mow, low-input grasses.  Online. Applied Turfgrass Science doi:10.1094/ATS-2011-0926-02-RS.

Wang, S., Q. Zhang, and E. Watkins. 2011. Evaluation of salinity tolerance of prairie junegrass, a potential low-maintenance turfgrass species. HortScience 46: 1038-1045.

Rice, P.J., B.P. Horgan, C.Hapeman and L. McConnell.  2011.  Efficacy of management practices to mitigate off-site movement and ecological risk of pesticides transported with runoff from agriculture and turf systems.  In Pesticides – Formulations, Effects, Fate, Margarita Stoytcheva (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-532-7, InTech.

Watkins, E, S. Fei, D. Gardner, J. Stier, S. Bughrara, D. Li, C. Bigelow, L. Schliecher, B. Horgan and K. Diesburg. 2011.  Low-input turfgrass species for the north central United States. Online. Applied Turfgrass Science doi:10.1094/ATS-2011-0126-02-RS.

Bierman, P.M., B.P. Horgan, C.J. Rosen, A.B. Hollman and P.H. Pagliari.  2010.  Phosphorus runoff from turfgrass as affected by phosphorus fertilization and clipping management.  Journal of Environmental Quality 39:282-292.

Clark, M.D., and E. Watkins. 2010. Seed production characteristics of prairie junegrass germplasm accessions. Crop Science 50:1057-1065.

Clark, M.D., and E. Watkins. 2010. Turfgrass characteristics of prairie junegrass germplasm accessions. Crop Science 50:2092-2102.

Hoffman, L., M. DaCosta, J.S. Ebdon, and E. Watkins. 2010. Physiological changes during cold acclimation of perennial ryegrass accessions differing in freeze tolerance. Crop Science 50:1037-1047.

Kerns, J.P., P.L. Koch, D. Cook, B.P. Horgan and F.P. Wong.  2010.  First report of brown patch caused by Waitea circinata var. circinata on Poa annua in Wisconsin and Minnesota.  Plant Disease.  Vol. 94, No. 9:1165.

Jiang, Y., E. Watkins, S. Liu, X. Yu, and N. Luo. 2010. Antioxidative responses and candidate gene expression in prairie junegrass under drought stress. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science 135: 303-309.

Rice, P.J., B.P. Horgan and J.L. Rittenhouse.  2010.  Pesticide transport with runoff from creeping bentgrass turf:  relationship of pesticide properties to mass transport.  Envrion. Tox. and Chem. Vol. 29, No. 6:1209-1214.

Rice, P.J., B.P. Horgan and J.L. Rittenhouse.  2010.  Evaluation of core cultivation practices to reduce ecological risk of pesticides in runoff from Agrostis palustris.   Environ. Tox. and Chem. Vol. 29, No. 6:1215-1223.

Watkins, E., A.B. Hollman and B.P. Horgan.  2010.  Evaluation of alternative turfgrass species for low-input golf course fairways.  HortScience  45(1):113-118.